Interaction of BiNbO4-based low-firing ceramics with silver electrodes

Seo Yong Cho, Hyuk Joon Youn, Dong Wan Kim, Tae Gyun Kim, Kug Sun Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


Several commercial silver electrode pastes have been evaluated for use with BiNbO4-based low-firing ceramics. After electrode application and subsequent cofiring, the electrode pattern on the ceramic was no longer visible. A bismuth-rich second phase was present at the electrode/BiNbO4 interface, and silver was detected in the second phase. Systematic X-ray diffractometry analysis of the mixtures between different silver pastes and doped/undoped BiNbO4 revealed an interaction between the silver and the BiNbO4. This reaction was responsible for the disappearance of the silver electrode patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3038-3040
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Nov
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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