Interleukin-18 has been described recently as a cytokine secreted primarily by Kupffer cells. Furthermore, it has been shown that it has significant anti-tumor effects, which are mediated by T cells and natural killer cells, in a manner similar to interleukin-12. Here, we report the evaluation of the effects of the systemic administration of interleukin-18 in combination with B7-1 (CD80) expressed on tumor cells [interleukin-18 + B7-1] on the growth of murine B16 melanoma in vivo. After the subcutaneous inoculation of B16 melanoma, B16 tumors grew progressively in immunocompetent syngeneic C57BL/6 mice. Mice treated with either interleukin-18 or immunized with B7-1-transduced B16 did not demonstrate significant anti-tumor effect. The combination of the two treatments, however, resulted in dramatic suppression of melanoma formation, tumor growth, and a significant improvement in survival. Inhibitory effects of [interleukin-18 + B7-1] on lung metastasis in mice were also detected. Additionally, mice treated with [interleukin-18 + B7-1] showed an increase of natural killer cytotoxicity and interferon-γ production in vivo. Unlike [interleukin-18 + B7-1], [interleukin-12 + B7-1] did not have a strong antitumor effect against B16 melanoma. Histologic characterization after the [interleukin-18 + B7-1] treatment confirmed the infiltration of natural killer cells into the tumor, suggesting that natural killer cells may be involved in the [interleukin-18 + B7-1]-induced anti-tumor effect. This finding was confirmed by showing that depletion of NK1.1+ cells before immunization inhibits the [interleukin-18 + B7-1]-induced anti-tumor effect. Depletion of CD3+ cells in vivo also decreased the anti-tumor effect of [interleukin-18 + B7-1], suggesting the importance of CD3+ T cells. Collectively, combination with interleukin-18 and B7-1 expression has synergistic anti-tumor effects against B16 murine melanoma.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Anti-tumor effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology