Eccentric vertical loads acting on bridge girders induce distortion of the cross-section of the steel box girder, which causes distortional warping normal stress at the flange and web of the box section in a longitudinal direction. Recent design standards specify that intermediate diaphragms, which prevent deformation of the box section, need to be installed to control these distortional warping normal stresses. In addition, the maximum ratio requirements between distortional warping normal stress and bending normal stress should not exceed 5 and 10%, respectively. However, the design standards do not provide specific formulae for use in determining the appropriate intermediate diaphragm spacing; therefore, an accurate structural analysis is required from the design stage and the iterative structural analysis time-consuming. In this study, to simplify the structural analysis steps required in the design phase, a parametric study was conducted using 3D finite element analysis (FEA) to estimate the intermediate diaphragm spacing required for composite simple span single-cell box girder bridges. In the parametric study, the box girder bridges were modeled using actual bridge data relating to the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness. The FEA results show that the coupling effects of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, the ratio of the distortional warping constant to the moment of inertia, span length, and eccentricity, have a significant effect on the diaphragm spacing and normal stress ratio. Based on these FEA results, efficient intermediate diaphragm spacing was determined in consideration of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ), funded by the Ministry of Education (Grant No. 2019R1I1A1A01059684 ).
- Intermediate diaphragm
- Single span
- Steel box girder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys