Intracrystalline structure and release pattern of ferulic acid intercalated into layered double hydroxide through various synthesis routes

Heemin Kang, Hyoung Jun Kim, Jae Hun Yang, Tae Hyun Kim, Goeun Choi, Seung Min Paek, Ae Jin Choi, Jin Ho Choy, Jae Min Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


We intercalated ferulic acid (FA) molecules into a layered double hydroxides (LDHs) via three different synthesis routes-ion-exchange, exfoliation-reassembly, and reconstruction-to obtain FA-LDH nanohybrids. All the nanohybrids started from same MgAl-CO3-LDH pristine, with a homogeneous particle size of 80nm, in order to control particle size of final products. According to infrared spectroscopy, all the synthesis routes resulted in successful hybridization between anionic ferulate and positive LDH layers. X-ray diffraction, UV-Vis spectroscopy and thermal analyses showed that the FA molecules were arranged in a zig-zag manner to maximize π-π interactions among them. From scanning electron microscopy, it was revealed that reconstruction gave rise to structural re-organization of LDH layers resulting in a house-of-cards morphology in the nanohybrid, while other methods produced a hexagonal plate-like shape. It seems that FA moieties intercalated by a reconstruction method could be accommodated in the inter-particle cavity as well as the interlayer space in FA-LDH nanohybrids. We investigated time-dependent FA release profiles from each nanohybrid in deionized water and saline. The release patterns and kinetic model fitting results revealed that the release behavior was different each nanohybrid according to the synthesis method and followed Elovich and power function models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by a Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) in Korean government and a Korea Industrial Technology Association (KOITA) as “A study on the programs to support a collaborative research among industry, academia and research institutes” ( KOITA-2014-3 ), by Rural Development Administration (RDA, Korea) as “Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development” ( PJ0105022015 ) and by Nuclear R&D Program through National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning ( 2014M2B2A4030731 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.


  • Ferulic acid
  • Intercalation routes
  • Intracrystalline structure
  • Layered double hydroxide
  • Release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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