Inverted CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite hybrid solar cells with improved flexibility by introducing a polymeric electron conductor

Jin Hyuck Heo, Muhammad Jahandar, Sang Jin Moon, Chang Eun Song, Sang Hyuk Im

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Inverted-type CH3NH3PbI3 flexible perovskite solar cells (FPeSCs) with improved flexibility were prepared by incorporating a polymeric electron conductor, poly([N,N′-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene bis(dicarboximide)-2,6-diyl]-alt-5,5′-(2,2′-bithiophene)) (PNDI-2T), into small-molecule electron conductor phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). PCBM : PNDI-2T electron conductor films with different compositions (100 : 0, 75 : 25, 50 : 50, 25 : 75 and 0 : 100) were employed in PeSCs. The 75 : 25 PCBM : PNDI-2T film showed slightly improved power conversion efficiency (average η of 30 samples = 16.59 ± 1.13%, best = 18.4%) compared with PCBM film (average η of 30 samples = 16.49 ± 1.15%, best = 17.8%), as well as similar electrical conductivity and electron mobility, and lower absorption loss. Similarly, inverted planar FPeSCs of 75 : 25 PCBM : PNDI-2T films showed improved performance (average η of 20 samples = 13.91 ± 0.84%, best = 15.4%) compared with PCBM (average η of 20 samples = 13.04 ± 0.97%, best = 15.0%). Furthermore, the 75 : 25 PCBM : PNDI-2T inverted planar FPeSC films showed significantly improved flexibility compared with PCBM-based devices, due to the entangled polymeric PNDI-2T matrix relieving stress on the PCBM domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2883-2891
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
J. H. Heo and M. Jahandar contributed equally to this work. This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) under the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (Basic Science Research Program (No. 2014R1A5A1009799), Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Change (No. 2015M1A2A2055631) and Global Frontier R&D Program on Center for Multiscale Energy System (No. 2012M3A6A7054855)) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (New & Renewable Energy Core Technology Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) (No. 20163010012470)).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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