Investigation of Charge Carrier Behavior in High Performance Ternary Blend Polymer Solar Cells

Tack Ho Lee, Mohammad Afsar Uddin, Chengmei Zhong, Seo Jin Ko, Bright Walker, Taehyo Kim, Yung Jin Yoon, Song Yi Park, Alan J. Heeger, Han Young Woo, Jin Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


This study demonstrates high-performance, ternary-blend polymer solar cells by modifying a binary blend bulk heterojunction (PPDT2FBT:PC71BM) with the addition of a ternary component, PPDT2CNBT. PPDT2CNBT is designed to have complementary absorption and deeper frontier energy levels compared to PPDT2FBT, while being based on the same polymeric backbone. A power conversion efficiency of 9.46% is achieved via improvements in both short-circuit current density (JSC) and open-circuit voltage (VOC). Interestingly, the VOC increases with increasing the PPDT2CNBT content in ternary blends. In-depth studies using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and transient absorption spectroscopy indicate that the two polymers are not electronically homogeneous and function as discrete light harvesting species. The structural similarity between PPDT2CNBT and PPDT2FBT allows the merits of a ternary system to be fully utilized to enhance both JSC and VOC without detriment to fill-factor via minimized disruption of semi-crystalline morphology of binary PPDT2FBT:PC71BM blend. Further, by careful analysis, charge carrier transport in this ternary blend is clearly verified to follow parallel-like behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1600637
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 12


  • alloy-like polymers
  • parallel-like bulk heterojunctions
  • polymer solar cells
  • ternary blend systems
  • transient absorption spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of Charge Carrier Behavior in High Performance Ternary Blend Polymer Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this