Investigation of the super healing theory in continuum damage and healing mechanics

Chahmi Oucif, George Z. Voyiadjis, Peter I. Kattan, Timon Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Self-healing is the capability of a material to heal (repair) damages autogenously and autonomously. New theoretical investigation extended from the healing material which represents a strengthening material was recently proposed. It concerns the theory of super healing. The healing in this case continues beyond what is necessary to recover the original stiffness of the material, and the material becomes able to strengthen itself. In the present work, the definition of the super healing theory is extended and defined based on the elastic stiffness variation. It concerns the degradation, recovery, and strengthening of the elastic stiffness in the case of damage, healing, and super healing materials, respectively. Comparison of the healing and super healing efficiencies between the hypotheses of the elastic strain and elastic energy equivalence is carried out. The classical super healing definition is also extended to generalized nonlinear and quadratic super healing based on elastic stiffness strengthening, and comparison of the super healing behavior in each theory is performed. It is found that the hypothesis of the elastic energy equivalence overestimates both the generalized nonlinear and quadratic super healed elastic stiffness strengthening. In addition, the generalized nonlinear super healing theory gives a high strengthening of the super healed elastic stiffness compared to the quadratic super healing theory in both equivalence hypotheses. It is also demonstrated that both the generalized nonlinear and quadratic super healing theories can be applied in the case of plane stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896-917
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Damage Mechanics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1


  • Super healing
  • damage
  • elastic energy
  • elastic strain
  • nonlinear
  • self-healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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