Ion concentration polarization for pre-concentration of biological samples without pH change

Youngkyu Cho, Junghyo Yoon, David Wonbin Lim, Jaehoon Kim, Jeong Hoon Lee, Seok Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a method was developed for pre-concentrating large-volume biological samples for subsequent analysis. We previously developed another pre-concentration device, but it unfortunately altered the pH of the sample when an electric field was applied to the sample reservoir. Changes in the pH are not suitable for subsequent antibody-antigen reactions because of the stability issues that arise based on the target molecule's isoelectric point (pI). Here, this problem was overcome using ion concentration polarization (ICP) with a cation selective membrane (Nafion). Phosphate buffered saline was used as a test solution for the sample. The sample was contained in a reservoir that was not affected by the electric field, and an ICP barrier was formed in front of the reservoir. This device could concentrate microliter-scale samples without changing the pH because the biomolecules were blocked from passing through the ICP barrier while the sample (phosphate buffered saline) was drained. A 40 μL sample was successfully pre-concentrated to 20 μL in a single channel device and 10 μL in a dual channel device, resulting in 2.1-fold and 3.3-fold increases, respectively, in influenza hemagglutinin concentrations. These changes in the concentration were confirmed by ELISA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6510-6514
Number of pages5
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the BioNano Health-Guard Research Center funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) of Korea as a Global Frontier Project (Grant Number H-GUARD-2014M3A6B2060524), National Research Foundation of Korea (2014M3A7B4052193) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, and the Human Resources Development of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (No. 20144010200770).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Ion concentration polarization for pre-concentration of biological samples without pH change'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this