Surface wetting on polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs), prepared by alternating deposition of polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS), was investigated mainly in water-solid-oil systems. The surface-wetting behavior of as-prepared PEMs was well correlated to the molecular structures of the uncompensated ionic groups on the PEMs as revealed by sum frequency generation vibrational and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. The orientation change of the benzenesulfonate groups on the PSS-capped surfaces causes poor water wetting in oil or air and negligible oil wetting in water, while the orientation change of the quaternized pyrrolidine rings on the PDDA-capped surfaces hardly affects their wetting behavior. The underwater oil repellency of PSS-capped PEMs was successfully harnessed to manufacture highly efficient filters for oil-water separation at high flux.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Angewandte Chemie - International Edition|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Apr 13|
- oil-water separation
- structure elucidation
- surface chemistry
ASJC Scopus subject areas