Is ambient temperature associated with risk of infant mortality? A multi-city study in Korea

Ji Young Son, Jong-Tae Lee, Michelle L. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Background Although numerous studies have shown increased risk of mortality from elevated temperatures for adults, limited studies have examined temperature's effect on mortality for infants. Our study investigated the city-specific and overall effects of ambient temperature on infant mortality in seven major cities in Korea, 2004–2007. Methods Birth cohort using a linked birth and death records included 777,570 births with 557 all-cause deaths. We estimated city-specific hazard ratios for each city using an extended Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates. Then we combined city-specific hazard ratios to generate overall hazard ratio across the seven cities using a Bayesian hierarchical model. Stratified analyses were conducted by cause of death (total and SIDS), exposure period (whole gestation, each trimester, lifetime, 1 month before death, and 2 weeks before death), sex, and maternal characteristics. Results Overall across the cities, we found significantly positive associations between ambient temperature during 1 month before death or 2 weeks before death and infant mortality from total or SIDS. The overall hazard ratio of infant mortality from total deaths and SIDS for a 1 °C increase during 1 month before death was 1.52 (95% CI, 1.46–1.57) and 1.50 (95% CI, 1.35–1.66), respectively. We also found suggestive evidence that some factors such as mother's age may modify the association. Conclusions Our findings have implications for establishment of policy to reduce the risk of infant mortality from high ambient temperature under climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-752
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Research
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1


  • Ambient temperature
  • Infant mortality
  • SIDS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science


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