Isointense infant brain segmentation by stacked kernel canonical correlation analysis

Li Wang, Feng Shi, Yaozong Gao, Gang Li, Weili Lin, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Segmentation of isointense infant brain (at ~ 6-month-old) MR images is challenging due to the ongoing maturation and myelination process in the first year of life. In particular, signal contrast between white and gray matters inverses around 6 months of age, where brain tissues appear isointense and hence exhibit extremely low tissue contrast, thus posing significant challenges for automated segmentation. In this paper, we propose a novel segmentation method to address the above-mentioned challenges based on stacked kernel canonical correlation analysis (KCCA). Our main idea is to utilize the 12-month-old brain image with high tissue contrast to guide the segmentation of 6-month-old brain images with extremely low contrast. Specifically, we use KCCA to learn the common feature representations for both 6-month-old and the subsequent 12-month-old brain images of same subjects to make their features comparable in the common space. Note that the longitudinal 12-month-old brain images are not required in the testing stage, and they are required only in the KCCA based training stage to provide a set of longitudinal 6- and 12-month-old image pairs for training. Moreover, for optimizing the common feature representations, we propose a stacked KCCA mapping, instead of using only the conventional one-step of KCCA mapping. In this way, we can better use the 12-month-old brain images as multiple atlases to guide the segmentation of isointense brain images. Specifically, sparse patch-based multi-atlas labeling is used to propagate tissue labels in the (12-month-old) atlases and segment isointense brain images by measuring patch similarity between testing and atlas images with their learned common features. The proposed method was evaluated on 20 isointense brain images via leave-one-out cross-validation, showing much better performance than the state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPatch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging - First st International Workshop, Patch-MI 2015 Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsPierrick Coupé, Brent Munsell, Guorong Wu, Yiqiang Zhan, Daniel Rueckert
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783319281933
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event1st International Workshop on Patch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging, Patch-MI 2015 - Munich, Germany
Duration: 2015 Oct 92015 Oct 9

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other1st International Workshop on Patch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging, Patch-MI 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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