In this paper, we provide minimum mean-squared error-based source-relay-destination transceiver designs for multiple-input multiple-output amplify-and-forward relaying systems, where direct link between the source and the destination is non-negligible. In an earlier work, a local optimal technique was introduced which employs a projected gradient method and an interior point method. Since these methods may have quite high computational complexity, we investigate a new local optimal solution for the source-relay-destination transceiver which has low complexity. To this end, we first introduce the optimal closed-form solution for the relay transceiver for given source and destination filters. Then, for given relay and destination transceivers, the optimal source precoder design is derived, which requires only 1-D bisection search. Based on these solutions, we propose a joint optimization algorithm which iteratively finds a local optimal solution. Also, we introduce a simple non-iterative algorithm which computes filters in closed-forms with low complexity. Furthermore, since perfect channel knowledge may not be feasible in practical systems, a joint transceiver technique which is robust to channel uncertainties is provided. It is confirmed by simulation results that the proposed schemes outperform conventional techniques with significantly reduced complexity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning of the Korean Government under Grant 2014R1A2A1A10049769.
© 2002-2012 IEEE.
- MIMO systems
- direct link
- transceiver design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics