Kinetically controlled low-temperature solution-processed mesoporous rutile TiO2 for high performance lithium-ion batteries

Rohan B. Ambade, Ki Hwan Koh, Swapnil B. Ambade, Wonsik Eom, Sung Hyun Noh, Chong Min Koo, Seong Hun Kim, Tae Hee Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solution-processed nanostructured mesoporous rutile phase titanium dioxides (TiO2) are a fascinating class of materials for energy applications owing to their remarkable properties, including thermal stability. The unique lattice structure of rutile TiO2 (R-TiO2) leads to multifaceted physicochemical properties, which influence its performances. We here report the preparation of mesoporous R-TiO2 via a simple and scalable solution process at a low temperature (<50 °C). Kinetically controlled synthesis of mesoporous R-TiO2 with three-dimensional hierarchical sea-urchin-like morphology containing populous one-dimensional nanorods are prepared from the precipitates of our cocktail-like precursor solutions of TiCl4 and CH4N2S. The mesoporous R-TiO2 annealed at 300 °C possessing a large surface area manifests excellent energy storage behavior, with a high capacity of 457 mAhg−1 for the first discharge cycle, at a current density of 0.2 C in the potential range of 1–3 V, as well as a high reversible charge–discharge capacity, high rate performance, and excellent cycling stability for lithium-ion batteries. We anticipate our straightforward wet-chemical method to advance the development of mesoporous TiO2 as a promising candidate for high-performance energy storage and other energy applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-676
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 25
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program ( 2017R1A2B4010771 , 2016R1A6A1A03013422 , and 2016M3A7B4905609 ), the program for fostering next-generation researchers in engineering ( 2017H1D8A2032495 ), and Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning ( 2018201010636A ) funded by Korea government.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

Keywords

  • Anode materials
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Low-temperature synthesis
  • Mesoporous
  • Rutile TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering

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