Despite the introduction of a diagnostic code and acceptance of a diagnostic process for sarco-penia as a new health technology in Korea, many practitioners remain unfamiliar with the evaluation of sarcopenia. Thus, the Korean Working Group on Sarcopenia (KWGS) developed clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis of sarcopenia in older Korean adults. A two-phase Delphi interview comprising 19 questions was conducted with 40 expert panelists, 22 of whom participat-ed in the first round between June and August 2022. The second round of the Delphi interview included the remaining 11 questions that were not agreed upon in the first round. The screening process for sarcopenia includes various questionnaires and examinations used in different research and clinical settings. The diagnostic process for sarcopenia was simplified by combining the steps of case finding and assessment. The Short Physical Performance Battery test was given particular emphasis owing to its multifaceted nature. Regardless of muscle mass, having low muscle strength with low physical performance is considered clinically relevant and newly de-fined as “functional sarcopenia.” Comprehensive geriatric assessment is important for diagnosing sarcopenia. The KWGS’s clinical guideline aims to facilitate the early detection of sarcopenia by allowing various screening tools to be used in a unified process and reducing confusion about which tools to use for diagnosis. This recommendation expands the conceptual definition of sar-copenia as a complex pathophysiological state in line with the concept of frailty and aims to stimulate further research on the diagnosis and management of sarcopenia in clinical settings.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grants from the Korean Health Technology R&D Project through the Korean Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No. HC20C0157), and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (No. 2021R1A2C300580111).
© 2023 by The Korean Geriatrics Society.
- Delphi method
- Geriatric assessment
- Practice guideline
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology