K+ production in the reaction 58Ni+58Ni at incident energies from 1 to 2 a GeV

D. Best, N. Herrmann, B. Hong, M. Kirejczyk, J. Ritman, K. Wisniewski, A. Zhilin, A. Gobbi, K. D. Hildenbrand, Y. Leifels, C. Pinkenburg, W. Reisdorf, D. Schüll, U. Sodan, G. S. Wang, T. Wienold, J. P. Alard, V. Amouroux, N. Bastid, I. BelyaevG. Berek, J. Biegansky, R. Cherbatchev, J. P. Coffin, P. Crochet, P. Dupieux, Z. Fodor, A. Genoux-Lubain, G. Goebels, G. Guillaume, E. Häfele, F. Jundt, J. Kecskemeti, Y. Korchagin, R. Kotte, C. Kuhn, A. Lebedev, A. Lebedev, I. Legrand, C. Maazouzi, V. Manko, J. Mösner, S. Mohren, D. Moisa, W. Neubert, D. Pelte, M. Petrovici, P. Pras, F. Rami, C. Roy, Z. Seres, B. Sikora, V. Simion, K. Siwek-Wilczyńska, V. Smolyankin, A. Somov, L. Tizniti, M. Trzaska, M. A. Vasiliev, P. Wagner, D. Wohlfarth, I. Yushmanov

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87 Citations (Scopus)


Semi-inclusive triple differential multiplicity distributions of positively charged kaons have been measured over a wide range in rapidity and transverse mass for central collisions of 58Ni with 58Ni nuclei. The transverse mass (mt) spectra have been studied as a function of rapidity at a beam energy 1.93 A GeV. The mt distributions of K+ mesons are well described by a single Boltzmann-type function. The spectral slopes are similar to that of the protons indicating that rescattering plays a significant role in the propagation of the kaon. Multiplicity densities have been obtained as a function of rapidity by extrapolating the Boltzmann-type fits to the measured distributions over the remaining phase space. The total K+ meson yield has been determined at beam energies of 1.06, 1.45, and 1.93 A GeV, and is presented in comparison to existing data. The low total yield indicates that the K+ meson can not be explained within a hadro-chemical equilibrium scenario, therefore indicating that the yield does remain sensitive to effects related to its production processes such as the equation of state of nuclear matter and/or modifications to the K+ dispersion relation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-324
Number of pages18
JournalNuclear Physics A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct 27
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Furthermorwee gratefullya cknowledgteh em anyu sefuld iscussionws ithG.E. Brown, C. HartnackS, .W. Huang,G .Q. Li, and P. Senger,a s well as the importanct omments from P. Braun-Munzinger. This work has beens upporteidn partb y the GermanB undesrninisteriufamr Forschung und Technologiuen derc ontract0s6 HD 525 1( 3), X051.25/RUM-005-9a5n dX081.25/ N-119-95a nd by the Polish StateC ommitteoef ScientificR esearch(K BN) underg rants 2 P302 1104 and 2 P03B 019 ll.


  • Kaon
  • Radial flow
  • Thermal model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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