Laboratory evaluation of the anti-stain efficacy of crude wood vinegar for Pinus densiflora

Sabiha Salim, Syaidatul Shahomlail, Yong Seok Choi, Min Ji Kim, Gyu Hyeok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In Korea, Pinus densiflora is one of the most important indigenous tree species in terms of making high-value wood products. Therefore, Korean sawmills exercise extreme caution to prevent fungal discoloration such as that caused by sapstains and molds on the timber. In this study, the effectiveness of using natural crude wood vinegar to inhibit sapstains and molds, especially on Pinus densiflora (Japanese red pine) was examined. Pinus densiflora wood samples were dipped in absolute and diluted wood vinegar at different concentrations (1:1, 2:1, and 3:1; deionized water to wood vinegar dilution ratio) for 3 minutes and immediately air-dried. In addition, volatile wood vinegar was also used in this study to imitate the condition of wood vinegar when exposed to open air. The degree of discoloration was examined and evaluated every 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks according to the ASTM D4445-91 Standard Method for laboratory test. Crude wood vinegar inhibited sapstains more efficiently than it inhibited molds. Wood vinegar at a 1:1 concentration was found to be the most optimum treatment for inhibiting sapstains for at least 8 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-709
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Discoloration
  • Inhibitors
  • Mold
  • Sapstain
  • Wood vinegar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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