Large scale integrated IGZO crossbar memristor array based artificial neural architecture for scalable in-memory computing

Muhammad Naqi, Taehwan Kim, Yongin Cho, Pavan Pujar, Jongsun Park, Sunkook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuromorphic systems based on memristor arrays have not only addressed the von Neumann bottleneck issue but have also enabled the development of computing applications with high accuracy. In this study, an artificial neural architecture based on a 10 × 10 IGZO memristor array is presented to emulate synaptic dynamics for performing artificial intelligence (AI) computing with high recognition accuracy rate. The large area 10 × 10 IGZO memristor array was fabricated using the photolithography method, resulting in stable and reliable memory operations. The bipolar switching at −2 V–2.5 V, endurance of 500 cycles, retention of >104 s, and uniform Vset/Vreset operation of 100 devices were achieved by modulating the oxygen vacancy in the IGZO film. The emulation of electric synaptic dynamics was also observed, including potentiation-depression, multilevel long-term memory (LTM), and multilevel short-term memory (STM), revealing highly linear and stable synaptic functions at different modulated pulse settings. Additionally, electrical modeling (HSPICE) with vector-matrix measurements and simulation of various artificial neural network (ANN) algorithms, such as convolution neural network (CNN) and spiking neural network (SNN), were performed, demonstrating a linear increase in current accumulation with high recognition rates of 99.33 % and 86.46 %, respectively. This work provides a novel approach for overcoming the von Neumann bottleneck issue and emulating synaptic dynamics in various neural networks with high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100441
JournalMaterials Today Nano
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Artificial synapse
  • IGZO
  • Neural networks
  • Spiking neural network
  • memristor array
  • neuromorphic computing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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