Leiomyosarcoma of the breast: A pathologic and comparative genomic hybridization study of two cases

Jiyun Lee, Shibo Li, Michael Torbenson, Qiong Z. Liu, Stuart Lind, John J. Mulvihill, Barbara Bane, Jianzhou Wang

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare form of primary breast sarcoma. We present the pathologic and genetic findings of two cases of leiomyosarcoma of the breast. The patients were 44 and 52 years of age and they presented with circumscribed masses of 3.0 and 4.5 cm, (greatest dimension) respectively. Microscopically, the two tumors showed diffuse proliferation of spindle cells with oval and blunt-ended nuclei arranged in short fascicles or bundles. There was moderate cytologic atypia in both cases, and 6 and 12 mitotic figures per 10 high power fields, respectively. No epithelial component was identified. The tumor cells were strongly immunoreactive for markers of smooth-muscle differentiation, including desmin, muscle-specific actin, and smooth-muscle actin. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis showed losses of 10q (two of two cases), 13q (two of two cases), 17p (one of two cases), and gains of 1q (one of two cases) and 17p (one of two cases). The patterns of chromosomal imbalances identified in leiomyosarcoma of the breast are similar to those reported in leiomyosarcoma of soft tissue and uterus and are different from those reported for leiomyoma, indicating that these alterations may be important for development of malignant smooth-muscle tumors regardless of site or organ of origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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