Light-to-Hydrogen Improvement Based on Three-Factored Au@CeO2/Gr Hierarchical Photocatalysts

Dung Van Dao, Hyuk Choi, Thuy T.D. Nguyen, Sang Woo Ki, Gyu Cheol Kim, Hoki Son, Jin Kyu Yang, Yeon Tae Yu, Hyun You Kim, In Hwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, various attempts have been made for light-to-fuels conversion, often with limited performance. Herein we report active and lasting three-factored hierarchical photocatalysts consisting of plasmon Au, ceria semiconductor, and graphene conductor for hydrogen production. The Au@CeO2/Gr2.0 entity (graphene outer shell thickness of 2.0 nm) under visible-light irradiation exhibits a colossal achievement (8.0 μmol mgcat-1 h-1), which is 2.2- and 14.3-fold higher than those of binary Au@CeO2 and free-standing CeO2 species, outperforming the currently available catalysts. Yet, it delivers a high maximum quantum yield efficiency of 38.4% at an incident wavelength of 560 nm. These improvements are unambiguously attributed to three indispensable effects: (1) the plasmon resonant energy is light-excited and transferred to produce hot electrons localizing near the surface of Au@CeO2, where (2) the high-surface-area Gr conductive shell will capture them to direct hydrogen evolution reactions, and (3) the active graphene hybridized on the defect-rich surface of Au@CeO2 favorably adsorbs hydrogen atoms, which all bring up thorough insight into the working of a ternary Au@CeO2/Gr catalyst system in terms of light-to-hydrogen conversion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS nano
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (NRF-2021R1A6A1A03043682, 2021R1A2C2008447, 2020R1A2C1014498, 2020R1A2B5B03001603).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society.


  • core-shell
  • defect-rich surface
  • light-to-hydrogen
  • plasmon
  • ternary nanostructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Light-to-Hydrogen Improvement Based on Three-Factored Au@CeO2/Gr Hierarchical Photocatalysts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this