## Abstract

Knots and links have been considered to be useful models for structural analysis of molecular chains such as DNA and proteins. One quantity that we are interested in for molecular links is the minimum number of monomers necessary for realizing them. In this paper we consider every link in the cubic lattice. The lattice stick number s_{L}(L) of a link L is defined to be the minimum number of sticks required to construct a polygonal representation of the link in the cubic lattice. Huh and Oh found all knots whose lattice stick numbers are at most 14. They proved that only the trefoil knot 3_{1}and the figure-eight knot 4_{1}have lattice stick numbers of 12 and 14, respectively. In this paper we find all links with more than one component whose lattice stick numbers are at most 14. Indeed we prove combinatorically that s_{L}(2_{1}^{2}) = 8, s_{L}(2_{1}^{2}#2_{1}^{2}) = s_{L}(6_{2}^{3}) = s_{L}(6_{3}^{3}) = 12, s_{L}(4_{1}^{2}) = 13, s_{L}(5_{1}^{2}) = 14 and any other non-split links have stick numbers of at least 15.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 155202 |

Journal | Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical |

Issue number | 15 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2014 |

## Keywords

- cubic lattice
- knot
- stick number

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Mathematical Physics
- Modelling and Simulation