Liquid CO2-based coating for dense CuInxGa1−xS2 film fabrication

Eduardus Budi Nursanto, Se Jin Park, Yun Jeong Hwang, Jaehoon Kim, Byoung Koun Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A liquid CO2 (l-CO2)–based coating technique is used for the pore-filling of a porous copper indium gallium sulfide (CuInxGa1−xS2, CIGS) film synthesized by a solution-based method. In the l-CO2–based coating, copper and indium precursors dissolved in l-CO2 are deposited on the porous copper indium gallium oxide film, followed by low-temperature sulfurization. After the high-temperature sulfurization of the deposited film with the l-CO2–based coating, a highly dense CIGS film with almost complete pore-filling is obtained. The use of an indium rich solution in l-CO2 leads to the formation of near stoichiometric ratio of Cu:(In + Ga) that improves the pore filling behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-459
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1


  • CuInGaS
  • Liquid CO
  • Pore-filling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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