Lithiation and Delithiation Behavior of Porous Li-Cu Anode in Li-ion Battery Systems

Seung Hoon Yang, Sanghyeon Choi, Ji Woong Kim, Nak Gyu Go, Woo Young Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Li-metal anodes exhibit the potential to increase the efficiencies of Li-ion battery systems. However, the commercialization of Li metal is hindered by several inherent challenges, such as the formation of inhomogeneous Li dendrites and considerable volume expansion during deposition and dissolution. Fabrication of 3D porous structures is a promising technique that resolves these problems, however, no attempts to replace graphite anodes with porous Li-Cu anodes in Li-ion secondary battery systems are reported. Moreover, the charging/discharging behaviors of porous Li-Cu anodes are not yet completely understood. In this study, the changes in a porous Li-Cu anode in a symmetric cell during lithiation and delithiation are investigated. The porous Li-Cu anode suppresses dendrite growth and volume changes via the filling and evacuation of the pores around the Li particles within and on the surface of the anode, and thus, the higher porosity results in a larger capacity. The Li-Cu anode displays a stable cyclability at 1 mA cm-2 with a capacity of 1 mA h cm-2 over 700 h. The porous Li-Cu anode exhibits promise in replacing graphite in Li-ion secondary battery systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number030516
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea, the Government of the Republic of Korea (Ministry of Science and ICT, 2020R1A2C1012838), and the Industry-Academia Collabo Program of the Ministry of SMEs and Startups (Republic of Korea, 2021(S3093231), Development of Source Technology for High-Efficiency Silicon Oxide Anode Material Using Metal Vapor Reaction). SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were performed at the Korea Basic Science Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea. We would like to thank Editage ( for the English language editing.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Electrochemical Society (“ECS”). Published on behalf of ECS by IOP Publishing Limited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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