Nanostructured metal selenides with a variety of morphologies are crucial for fabricating porous, hollow metal-oxide nanomaterials by nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion. Herein, SnSe-SnO2 composite powders and SnSe nanospheres were synthesized via one-pot spray pyrolysis by optimizing the concentration of the Se precursor in the spray solution; these were then used to fabricate sunflower-like SnO2 and hollow SnO2 nanospheres, respectively, via nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion. Post-treatment of the SnSe-decorated SnO2 under air produced sunflower-like SnO2, in which ray and disk florets consisting of hollow nanoplates and dense nanospheres, respectively, were present. The mean diameter of the homogeneous hollow SnO2 nanospheres was 150 nm. The hollow morphology shortens the diffusion length, increasing the contact area between the electrolyte and voids and buffering large volume changes during repeated cycling. As anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the hollow SnO2 nanospheres showed excellent cycling and rate performances. The discharge capacity of the hollow SnO2 nanospheres, after 500 cycles from 0.001 V to 3.0 V, was 1043 mA h g-1, at a current density of 3.0 A g-1. The hollow SnO2 nanospheres showed a high reversible capacity of 638 mA h g-1, even at current density as high as 10 A g-1.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2017R1A2B2008592).
© 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science