Living-donor liver transplantation in patients with concurrent active tuberculosis at transplantation

Y. T. Lee, S. Hwang, S. G. Lee, K. W. Kim, N. K. Choi, G. C. Park, Y. D. Yu, J. W. Yoo, W. S. Kim, Tae Sun Shim

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    12 Citations (Scopus)


    SETTING: Although active tuberculosis (TB) is a contra-indication for liver transplantation (LT), LT may be the only possible treatment option in patients with irreversible liver failure and concurrent TB. OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of LT in patients with concurrent TB and liver failure. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes of nine LT recipients with concurrent TB in Korea, an intermediate TB burden country. RESULTS: The primary causes of living-donor LT (LDLT) in nine patients were anti-tuberculosis drugi nduced fulminant hepatic failure (n = 4) and end-stage liver disease (n = 5). The sites of active TB were the lungs (n = 5), lymph nodes (n = 3) and pleura (n = 1). After LDLT, most patients were treated with less hepatotoxic drugs, including fl uoroquinolones, ethambutol and cycloserine; none was treated with pyrazinamide. One patient experienced acute rejection, probably attributable to an interaction between rifampicin and cyclosporine. All nine patients, including one taking rifabutin, successfully completed anti-tuberculosis treatment and have been followed up for a median of 926 days after LDLT, without relapse of TB. CONCLUSION: When properly managed, the prognosis of LDLT recipients with concurrently active TB at transplantation is very favourable. The current protocol, which considers active TB an absolute contraindication for LT, should be modifi ed or relaxed, particularly for patients with LDLT.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1039-1044
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug


    • Liver transplantation
    • Living donors
    • Tuberculosis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine


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