Loading-device effects on the protein-unfolding mechanisms using molecular-dynamic simulations

Myeongsang Lee, Hyunsung Choi, Gwonchan Yoon, Sungsoo Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Experimental force spectroscopy has been effectively utilized for measuring structural characterization of biomolecules and mechanical properties of biomaterials. Specifically, atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been widely used to portray biomolecular characterization in single-molecule experiment by observing the unfolding behavior of the proteins. Not only the experimental techniques enable us to characterize globular protein, but computational methods like molecular dynamics (MD) also gives insight into understanding biomolecular structures. To better comprehend the behavior of biomolecules, conditions such as pulling velocities and loading rates are put to the test, yet there are still limitations in understanding the unfolding behavior of biomolecules with the effect of different loading devices. In this study, we performed an all-atom MD and steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations considering different loading device effects such as “soft” and “stiff” to characterize the anisotropic unfolding behavior of ubiquitin protein. We found out the anisotropic unfolding pathways of the protein through the broken number of hydrogen bonds and geometric secondary structures of the biomolecule. Our study provides the importance for usage of various loading-devices on biomolecules when analyzing the structural compositions and the characteristics of globular biomolecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018


  • Anisotropic unfolding pathway
  • Globular protein
  • Loading device effects
  • Steered molecular dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Loading-device effects on the protein-unfolding mechanisms using molecular-dynamic simulations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this