Localization patterns of dopamine active transporter synthesizing cells during development of brine shrimp

Bo Yong Kim, Gyeong Hee Shin, In Soo Lee, Suhng Wook Kim, Ho Seung Kim, Jin Kwan Kim, Seung Gwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


There have been many studies on dopamine active transporter (DAT) in humans and laboratory animals; however, there is a lack of information on DAT in brine shrimp. In this study, we demonstrated the neuronal and nonneuronal characteristics of DAT-synthesizing (DAT+ cells) during development of brine shrimp. In neuronal cells, the DAT+ neurons in the central body and lobes of a protocerebrum (PC) controlled the deutocerebrum. The sensory cells of nauplius eyes projected their decussated axons to the PC, and the DAT+ cells at the posterior region were associated with migration and control of the 10 posterior neurons during the early nauplius stage. In nonneuronal cells, the five types of glands, that is, the salt, antennal, mandible, and accessory glands and posterior gland1 and gland2 synthesized DAT protein. In addition, the gut and rectum dilator muscles and renal cells expressed DAT protein. Thus, DAT protein acts in the development of several types of cells during development of brine shrimp.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21378
JournalArchives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from Korea University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • Artemia
  • arthropods
  • crustacean
  • dopamine
  • invertebrates
  • monoamine transporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Insect Science


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