Longevity evaluation of non-pumping reactive wells for control of groundwater contamination: Application of upscaling methods

Eunjie Kwak, Jae Hyun Kim, Soonjae Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Non-pumping reactive wells (NPRWs) are subsurface structures used for the passive treatment of contaminated groundwater using wells containing reactive media. In the vicinity of NPRWs, a combination of hydrogeological and chemical processes makes it difficult to predict their longevity. In this study, we evaluated the longevity of NPRWs using the upscaling methods. A horizontal two-dimensional sandbox was constructed to mimic the hydrogeological and chemical processes in a single unit of NPRW (unit NPRW). The groundwater flow and solute transport were simulated numerically to validate the processes of contaminant spreading prevention in the sandbox. Dye tracing and arsenic transport tests showed different performance of NPRW due to induced flow and uneven consumption of reactivity, which is dependent on the pathway length and residence time of the coal waste. Through numerical modeling of the experiments, the fate-related processes of contamination around NPRW were described in detail in both spatial and temporal terms. The stepwise approach of the upscaling methods was used to predict the contamination-blocking performance of the entire facility based on the reactivity of the materials and the contamination removal of the unit NPRW.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122136
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI), South Korea, through the Subsurface Environmental Pollution Risk Management Technology Development Project funded by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE), South Korea ( ARQ202101728001 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors


  • Contaminated groundwater control
  • Non-pumping reactive wells
  • Numerical modeling
  • Performance evaluation
  • Sandbox test
  • Upscaling method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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