Low-complexity PAPR reduction scheme without side information for OFDM systems

Seung Sik Eom, Haewoon Nam, Young Chai Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a novel peak to average power ratio (PAPR) reduction scheme that requires no side information in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Unlike the selective mapping (SLM) or the partial transmit sequence (PTS) scheme, the proposed scheme deals with post inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) symbols and thus requires only a single IFFT processor in the transmitter. Compared to other conventional schemes implemented with a single IFFT processor, such as the circularly shifted phase sequences (CSPS) or the optimised circularly shifted phase sequences (OCSPS) method, the proposed scheme achieves an even lower complexity since only phase rotation and cyclic shifting of OFDM symbols are performed. More importantly, the proposed scheme significantly outperforms the CSPS and the OCSPS methods in reducing PAPR as shown in simulation results. An added benefit of the proposed scheme is that it employs a linear receiver, such as a maximal likelihood (ML) detector, a minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimator, or a zero forcing (ZF) estimator, to demap quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) symbols. Especially the ML detector demaps the QAM symbols with no side information. Simulation results also show that the bit error rate (BER) of the proposed scheme has no loss when the ML detector, the ZF or the MMSE estimator is used with hard-decision compared to that of the conventional OFDM system without any PAPR reduction scheme over Rayleigh fading channel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6174481
Pages (from-to)3657-3669
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received June 16, 2011; revised November 17, 2011 and March 06, 2012; accepted March 06, 2012. Date of publication March 23, 2012; date of current version June 12, 2012. The associate editor coordinating the review of this manuscript and approving it for publication was Prof. Sofiene Affes. This work was supported by the The Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE), Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program supervised by the National IT Industry Promotion Agency (NIPA) [NIPA-2012-(H0301-12-1003)] and in part by Korea University. This research was also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2012-0012522). This paper was presented in part at the IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Kyoto, Japan, June 2011.


  • Circularly shifted phase sequences (CSPS)
  • complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF)
  • optimized circularly shifted phase sequences (OCSPS)
  • orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)
  • partial transmit sequence scheme (PTS)
  • peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR)
  • time-domain processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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