Low-concentration CO2 capture system with liquid-like adsorbent based on monoethanolamine for low energy consumption

Jae Won Lee, Hyungseop Ahn, Seonggon Kim, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct air capture (DAC) of atmospheric CO2 is becoming ever more important for a carbon neutral society. To achieve this, it is critical to reduce the energy consumption of DAC systems. In this work, as a solution, a liquid-like adsorbent (LLA) is used as an adsorbent for DAC of low-concentration CO2. We improve the performance of LLA with monoethanolamine (MEA), and named it as LLA-M to efficiently capture atmospheric CO2 and reduce energy consumption at DAC environment. The effective dispersion of MEA in the LLA promotes CO2 capture by overcoming their low thermal stability. When 40 wt% MEA is added, the highest performance is achieved along with a CO2 capture capacity of 2.50 mmol g−1 in 100% CO2 atmosphere and 1.01 mmol g−1 in low CO2 concentration atmosphere. The loss and deterioration of MEA is suppressed by the LLA and therefore the performance is stably maintained while repeating the CO2 capture/regeneration cycles. Consequently, the CO2 capture capacity is improved by 29.9% compared with when using only MEA. More importantly, the results indicate a record CO2 capture energy consumption of 0.89 GJ tCO2−1 at 100% CO2 condition and 2.13 GJ tCO2−1 at 400 ppm CO2 condition. Furthermore, the LLA-M can be recycled below 120 °C which makes it possible to reduce energy consumption by exploiting renewable energies such as solar heat. This study offers a promising low-carbon route for efficient atmospheric CO2 capture using an LLA incorporated with MEA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136141
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume390
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) grant funded by the Korean government ( MSIT ) (Grant number: 2020R1A5A1018153 and No. 2020R1A6A3A01095950).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • DAC
  • Energy consumption
  • Liquid-like adsorbent
  • Low CO concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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