LSTM–GAN based cloud movement prediction in satellite images for PV forecast

Yongju Son, Xuehan Zhang, Yeunggurl Yoon, Jintae Cho, Sungyun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to the high uncertainty and variability of renewable energy, power system operators require an accurate forecast method. Considering that the cloud cover significantly affects the photovoltaic (PV) generation, critical factors for accurate PV forecast are the future shape and trajectory of clouds, which weather information services hardly provide. The paper proposes an innovative PV generation forecast method based on future cloud image prediction, for which a hybrid deep learning technique combining the generative adversarial network (GAN) and the long short-term memory (LSTM) model is used. The role of GAN is to generate cloud images from random latent vectors while LSTM learns patterns of time-series input images. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, the paper compares it with various hybrid PV forecast models in terms of prediction accuracy, using field data of satellite images and meteorological information. For testing the proposed method, a total of 30,507 infrared images shot by Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite 1 of the National Meteorological Satellite Center of Korea every 15 min were collected and utilized. In the end, it is concluded that the proposed LSTM–GAN model presents better prediction accuracy over CNN–ANN, CNN–LSTM, GRU–GAN, and BILSTM-GAN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12373-12386
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept


  • GAN
  • Hybrid deep learning
  • Image prediction
  • LSTM
  • PV forecast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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