Magnéli-Phase Ti4O7 Nanosphere Electrocatalyst Support for Carbon-Free Oxygen Electrodes in Lithium-Oxygen Batteries

Seun Lee, Gwang Hee Lee, Jae Chan Kim, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Lithium-oxygen batteries have been considerably researched due to their potential for high energy density compared to some rechargeable batteries. However, it is known that the stability of a carbon-based oxygen electrode is insufficient owing to the promotion of carbonate formation, which results in capacity fading and large overpotential in lithium-oxygen batteries. To improve the chemical stability in organic-based electrolytes, alternative electrocatalyst support materials are required. The Ti-O crystal system appears to provide a good compromise between electrochemical performance and cost and is thus an interesting material for further investigation. Here, we investigate a carbon-free electrode with the goal of identifying routes for its successful optimization. To replace carbon materials as an electrocatalyst support, Magnéli Ti4O7 nanospheres were synthesized from anatase TiO2 nanospheres via a controlled thermochemical reduction. The Magnéli Ti4O7 nanospheres demonstrated effective overpotential characteristics (1.53 V) compared to the anatase TiO2 nanospheres (1.91 V) during charge-discharge cycling at a current rate of 100 mA g-1. Additionally, RuO2@Magnéli-Ti4O7 nanospheres were prepared as a bifunctional catalyst-containing oxygen electrode for lithium-oxygen batteries, providing a remarkably reduced overpotential (0.9 V).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2601-2610
Number of pages10
JournalACS Catalysis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning [NRF-2016R1A2B2012728, NRF-2016M3A7B4909318] and by the institutional research program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology [2E26081-16-054]. This work was also supported by a Korea University Grant.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.


  • Li-O batteries
  • Magnéli phase
  • RuO
  • TiO
  • carbon-free

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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