Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Er-Co-Al thin-film alloys

Miri Kim, Jong Woo Kim, Sang Ho Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Er-Co-Al thin films with the compositions of ErCo1.52Al0.36, ErCo1.69Al0.76, and ErCo1.87Al0.16 were fabricated by magnetron-sputtering, and their magnetic and magnetocaloric properties were characterized in the asdeposited state and post-annealed state at 1073 K. The X-ray diffraction results indicate that the microstructure in the as-deposited state consists of an amorphous phase, which then transforms into a cubic Laves phase with C15 symmetry on annealing. The phase transformation, however, is incomplete, evidenced by the existence of Co precipitates and some oxides of Er and Al in the annealed samples. A compensation-like behavior is observed in the as-deposited samples, probably due to the sperimagnetic structure, but it disappears after annealing. The magnetic entropy change is largest for the annealed ErCo1.87Al0.16 sample, in which the composition is closest to the pseudo-binary Er(Co,Al)2 compound. The observed value, however, is rather small (3.2 J/kg K in a field sweep of 0–50 kOe), due the incomplete phase transformation from the amorphous to the cubic Laves phase during annealing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1101-1107
Number of pages7
JournalMetals and Materials International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


  • X-ray diffraction
  • magnetic materials
  • magnetic properties
  • magnetocaloric effects
  • sputtering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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