We report our study of the magneto-optical effect in a strictly linear regime on spin-polarized cold cesium atoms. Due to the low intensity and the short illumination period of the probe beam, less than 7.5% of the sample atoms change their states by absorbing probe photons. We produce a medium of atoms at rest in either the 6S1 2,F=3,mF=0 or 6S1 2,F=3,mF=3 state by optically pumping atoms trapped in a magneto-optical trap. We use the D1 resonance with large lower and upper state hyperfine splittings as a probe transition to avoid hyperfine mixing from the Zeeman interaction. Under this idealized situation we measure the Stokes parameters in order to find the polarization rotation and circular dichroism experienced by the probe light. We find that there are qualitative differences between the results for the mF=0 and mF=3 cases. While dispersion and consequent Faraday rotation play a dominant role when the atoms are in the mF=0 state, it is dissipation and circular dichroism that are important when they are in the mF=3 state. Similarly, while the size of the Faraday rotation and the circular dichroism for the mF=0 case scales linearly with the applied magnetic field, for the mF=3 case it is the shift of the probe polarization change versus frequency that is linearly proportional to the magnetic field strength.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics