Mammographic mass segmentation using multichannel and multiscale fully convolutional networks

Shengzhou Xu, Ehsan Adeli, Jie Zhi Cheng, Lei Xiang, Yang Li, Seong Whan Lee, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women worldwide. Mammographic mass segmentation is an important task in mammogram analysis. This process, however, poses a prominent challenge considering that masses can be obscured in images and appear with irregular shapes and low image contrast. In this study, a multichannel, multiscale fully convolutional network is proposed and evaluated for mass segmentation in mammograms. To reduce the impact of surrounding unrelated structures, preprocessed images with a salient mass appearance are obtained as the second input channel of the network. Furthermore, to jointly conduct fine boundary delineation and global mass localization, we incorporate more crucial context information by learning multiscale features from different resolution levels. The performance of our segmentation approach is compared with that of several traditional and deep-learning-based methods on the popular DDSM and INbreast datasets. The evaluation indices consist of the Dice similarity coefficient, area overlap measure, area undersegmentation measure, area oversegmentation measure, and Hausdorff distance. The mean values of the Dice similarity coefficient and Hausdorff distance of our proposed segmentation method are 0.915 ± 0.031 and 6.257 ± 3.380, respectively, on DDSM and 0.918 ± 0.038 and 2.572 ± 0.956, respectively, on INbreast, which are superior to those of the existing methods. The experimental results verify that our proposed multichannel, multiscale fully convolutional network can reliably segment masses in mammograms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1107
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec


  • fully convolutional network
  • mammogram
  • mass segmentation
  • multichannel
  • multiscale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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