Mass Transfer Enhancement by a Single Emulsion Droplet

Sungho Yoon, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The mass transfer enhancement (MTE) by a single emulsion droplet subjected to a Poiseuille flow is studied by using h-adaptive finite element approximation. The Navier-Stokes equations with the surface tension force at a droplet-fluid phase for the fluid flows are considered. The mass transfer is modeled by convection-diffusion equation. The interface capturing method with a conservative level set approach is employed to track the interface of a droplet. This is also incorporated with a mesh adaptivity for increasing the resolution in vicinity of the interface of the droplet. We numerically investigate the effect of hydrodynamic interactions of the droplet with the fluid on the mass transfer in varying physical parameters of the fluid flows and the suspended droplet in order to find the optimum conditions to invoke the enhanced MTE. It is found that Pe is an important factor to enhance the mass transfer transported by the convective current with diffusion. It is also found that Ca is an important factor for MTE considering disturbances and deformability of the droplet during the mass transfer process. It is found that the MTE decreases with increasing Ca in a high concentration region (C=0.9) while MTE does not depend much on Ca in a low concentration region (C=0.1).

Original languageEnglish
Article number1650003
JournalInternational Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1


  • level set
  • Mass transfer enhancement
  • mesh adaptivity
  • single emulsion droplet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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