In this note, we investigate the possibility of matching the impedance of ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs) to enhance energy harvesting from bending deformations. We focus on underwater quasi-static post-buckling of patterned IPMCs for different excitation frequencies. We consider a total of 14 samples with a single or two secondary plating layers to garner statistical evidence in favor of impedance matching, for a wide range of IPMC electrical properties. Impedance matching is compared to the classical use of optimized resistive loads. The shunting impedances are designed on the basis of an experimentally-validated physics-based model of IPMC chemo-electro-mechanical behavior. Our results demonstrate that impedance matching significantly benefits IPMC energy harvesting, with the surface resistance playing a key role on the extent of such improvement. Specifically, we find that samples with highly conductive electrodes tend to display a lower equivalent resistance and thus benefit the most from impedance matching.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
- energy harvesting
- impedance matching
- ionic polymer metal composites
- synthetic inductor
- Warburg impedance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering