Solar cells exhibit different power outputs in different climates. In this study, the temperature dependence of opencircuit voltage(V-oc), short-circuit current(I-sc), fill factor(FF) and the efficiency of screen-printed single-crystal silicon solar cells were studied. One group was fabricated with homogeneously-doped emitters and another group was fabricated with selectively-doped emitters. While varying the temperature (25, 40, 60 and 80 °C), the current-voltage characteristics of the cells were measured and the leakage currents extracted from the current-voltage curve. As the temperature increased, both the homogeneously-doped and selectively-doped emitters showed a slight increase in I-sc and a rapid degradation of V-oc. The FF and efficiency also decreased as temperature increased in both groups. The temperature coefficient for each factor was calculated. From the current-voltage curve, we found that the main cause of V-oc degradation was an increase in the intrinsic carrier concentration. The temperature coefficients of the two groups were compared, leading to the idea that structural effects could also affect the temperature dependence of current-voltage characteristics.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Materials Research Society of Korea.
- Crystalline silicon solar cells
- Current-voltage characteristics
- Homogeneous emitter
- Selective emitter
- Temperature dependence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)