Measurement of the neutron flux in the CPL underground laboratory and simulation studies of neutron shielding for WIMP searches

H. J. Kim, I. S. Hahn, M. J. Hwang, R. K. Jain, U. K. Kang, S. C. Kim, S. K. Kim, T. Y. Kim, Y. D. Kim, Y. J. Kwon, H. S. Lee, J. H. Lee, J. I. Lee, M. H. Lee, D. S. Lim, S. H. Noh, H. Park, I. H. Park, E. S. Seo, E. WonM. S. Yang, I. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Searches for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) can be carried out based on the detection of nuclear recoil energy in CsI(Tℓ) crystals. It is crucial to minimize the neutron background as well as to fully understand the remaining background sources through adequate shielding when using the pulse shape discrimination method for WIMP detection. We have measured the neutron flux at 350 m minimum depth, where the CheongPyung underground laboratory (CPL) is located, to be 3.00±0.02 (stat.)± 0.05 (syst.)×10-5 neutrons/cm2/s with the neutron energy in the range 1.5<En<6 MeV. Using the GEANT4 simulation,have demonstrated that the neutron flux can be reduced sufficiently for dark matter searches with 30 cm of polyethylene passive shield and 20 cm of BC501A liquid scintillator active shield. The neutron induced background at a few keV energy deposit in CsI crystal is less than 0.001 counts/keV/kg/day. An active shield not only reduces the neutron background but can also reduce the uncertainty in the neutron background estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-557
Number of pages9
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Korean Ministry of Science and Technology under a Creative Science Research Initiative program. Y.J. Kwon wishes to acknowledge the financial support of the atomic research and development project of the year of 1999. Y.D. Kim also acknowledges the support by Korea Research Foundation Grant (KRF-99-015-DP0078). We are grateful to J.P. Wellisch for assistance with the GEANT4 neutron simulation.


  • Active shielding
  • Dark matter
  • GEANT4
  • Neutron background
  • Underground

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of the neutron flux in the CPL underground laboratory and simulation studies of neutron shielding for WIMP searches'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this