Mechano-active scaffolds

Sang Heon Kim, Youngmee Jung, Young Ha Kim, Soo Hyun Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Biological processes are regulated through mechanical stimuli as well as biochemical interactions. The process by which mechanical stimuli are sensed and transmitted to the nucleus to induce changes in cell morphology and phenotype is also not clearly understood. Nevertheless, tissue engineering research takes mechanical stimuli into consideration, particularly in efforts to engineer components of the cardiovascular system and articular cartilage. Strategies concerning the mechanical environment of cells or tissues have been termed "mechano-active tissue engineering." Mechano-active scaffolds have employed elastic materials in mechano-active vascular and cartilage tissue engineering. Natural polymers and biodegradable polymers were studied for design of mechano-active scaffolds. The poly-(L-lactide-cocaprolactone) (PLCL) copolymer is composed of a soft matrix of ε-caprolactone moieties and hard domains containing additional L-lactide units, and exhibits a rubber-like elasticity in its physically cross-linked structure. This very elastic PLCL copolymer has also been fabricated as a macroporous scaffold for tissue engineering applications. PLCL has been fabricated for microporous scaffolds using a variety of techniques such as extrusion-particulate leaching, gel spinning, freeze drying, and electrospinning. This chapter discusses some of the recent insight into the fabrication and application of PLCL scaffolds for tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Intelligent Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
PublisherPan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd.
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9789814267854
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 31
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine


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