Mechanochemical synthesis of CeB6 nanopowder was performed using a mixture of CeCl3, CeO2, B2O3 and either Mg or MgH2. The reaction for the CeO2-3B2O3-11MgH2 mixture to form CeB6 and MgO gradually proceeds during ball milling, while the mechanically induced self-propagating reaction (MSR) behavior is observed during ball milling of the CeO2-3B2O3-11 Mg mixture. X-ray diffraction patterns of the CeO2-3B2O3-11MgH2 mixture indicate that CeH2+x exists as an intermediate phase during the reaction. Scanning electron microscopy indicates that the particle size of CeB6 powder from the CeO2-3B2O3-11MgH2 mixture is much smaller than that from the CeO2-3B2O3-11 Mg mixture. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that CeB6 particles 10–30 nm in size from the CeO2-3B2O3-11MgH2 mixture are highly agglomerated with surface oxide layers. The mechanochemical reaction of the 2CeCl3-6B2O3-21MgH2 mixture produces CeB6 instead of Ce(BH4)3.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study has been supported by the Strategic Core Materials Program funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy of Korea (Project No. 10053631 ) and by the KIST Flagship Program (Project No. 2E29630 ).
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
- Electron microscopy
- Mechanochemical processing
- Powders: solid state reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry