Membrane transport behavior characterization method with constant water flux in pressure-assisted forward osmosis

Kiho Park, Yoon Hyuk Jang, Ji Woong Chang, Dae Ryook Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a new membrane transport behavior characterization method using constant water flux in a pressure-assisted forward osmosis (PAFO) was developed. The constant water flux was realized by superimposing a hydraulic pressure on the concentration gradient to follow the target water flux. The pump adjusts its hydraulic pressure automatically to compensate for the target flow rate (water flux) which is insufficient by the concentration gradient itself. The constant water flux makes the method relieve the complex correlation between the water flux and the concentration gradient in theoretical models. Using the developed method, we characterized various properties that correlate with membrane transport behavior, such as mass transfer coefficient, structure parameter, diffusion coefficient, and reverse salt flux. The biggest advantage of the method is the continuous measurement of various membrane transport behavior properties by changing solution concentration with acceptable accuracy. In most cases, validation experiments showed that the proposed method can estimate the various membrane transport behavior properties under ±10% error (<5% in case of diffusion coefficient) in a wide range of concentrations. In conclusion, the proposed method can be utilized as a continuous, multifunctional, and less laborious method for membrane transport behavior characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114738
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • Concentration polarization
  • Constant water flux
  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Pressure-assisted forward osmosis
  • Reverse salt flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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