Menstrual cycle patterns and the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome in korean young adult women

Young Joo Park, Hyunjeong Shin, Songi Jeon, Inhae Cho, Yae Ji Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Menstruation is one of the important indicators of reproductive health. Therefore, in order to improve the reproductive health of women in puberty and early adulthood, it is necessary to investigate menstrual health and symptoms. This cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was conducted to identify young women’s menstrual cycle patterns, prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and the relationships of health-related factors according to menstrual regularity and PCOS. 462 women participated in the first phase of the study and completed the menstrual health and health-related behaviors questionnaire. In the second phase, 88 women with irregular menstruation in phase one had blood tests taken and body composition measured. As a result, Menarche was slightly later in irregular menstruation group. Women with regular menstruation had a mean number of 11.7 menstrual cycles over the past year, 93.0% of them reported a normal menstruation cycle frequency (21–35 days), 95.2% reported a normal duration (2–7 days) and 55.9% of participants had heavy menstrual bleeding. In the irregular menstrual group, there were higher percentages of underweight and obese women as well as more women experiences weight and diet changes. The estimated prevalence rates of PMS and PCOS were 25.5%, 5.2% respectively. This study provides updated basic data about menstrual health among Korean young women but more extensive and sophisticated studies are needed in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Menstrual cycle
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Women
  • Young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Information Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Leadership and Management


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