Meta-Analysis of Life Cycle Assessment Studies for Polyethylene Terephthalate Water Bottle System

Yoo Jin Go, Dong Ho Kang, Hyun Jin Park, Jun Hyuk Lee, Jin Kie Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The life cycle assessment (LCA) serves as a crucial tool for assessing the environmental impact of products, with recent emphasis on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. Our meta-analytical review of 14 LCA research papers (2010–2022) on PET bottles, aligned with PRISMA guidelines, spans six phases: raw material production (MP), bottle production (BP), distribution and transportation (DT), collection and transport (CT), waste management (WM), and environmental benefits (EB). Utilizing the global warming potential (GWP) as the indicator, our study harmonized data into a consistent functional unit, revealing an average emission of 5.1 kg CO2 equivalent per 1 kg of PET bottles. Major contributors to global warming were identified across the MP, BP, and DT phases. While the MP and BP phases exhibited low variability due to uniform processes, the CT, WM, and EB phases displayed higher variability due to scenario considerations. A comparison with Korean environmental product declaration data affirmed the methodology’s practical utility. Our approach offers potential applicability in diverse product category assessments, emphasizing its relevance for informed decision-making in sustainable product development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number535
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.


  • PET bottle
  • global warming potential
  • life cycle assessment
  • meta-analysis
  • packaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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