Methodologies Used for the Characterization of Nano- and Microcapsules

Minh Hiep Nguyen, Nurul Fadhilah Kamalul Aripin, Xi G. Chen, Hyun Jin Park

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


The characteristics of nano- and microcapsules are strongly affected by their application and stability. Seven main characteristics are commonly used to evaluate nano- and microcapsules, including particle size, particle size distribution (PSD), zeta potential, morphology, fluidity, encapsulation efficiency, and stability. There are a lot of techniques used to determine these characteristics. The common techniques such as laser diffraction, dynamic light scattering (DLS), acoustic spectroscopy, electrophoretic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) are discussed in this chapter. Each technique has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, depending on the properties of the nano- and microcapsule formulations suitable techniques should be chosen before the characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNano- and Microencapsulation for Foods
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781118292327
ISBN (Print)9781118292334
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 3

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • Acoustic spectroscopy
  • Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)
  • Dynamic light scattering (DLS)
  • Electrophoretic light scattering
  • Laser diffraction
  • Microcapsules
  • Nanocapsules
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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