Microalgal-based carbon sequestration by converting LNG-fired waste CO2 into red gold astaxanthin: The potential applicability

Min Eui Hong, Won Seok Chang, Anil Kumar Patel, Mun Sei Oh, Jong Jun Lee, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The combinatorial approach of anthropogenic activities and CO2 sequestration is becoming a global research trend to alleviate the average global temperature. Although microalgae have been widely used to capture CO2 from industrial flue gas, the application of bioproducts was limited to bioenergy due to the controversy over the quality and safety of the products in the food and feed industry. Herein, the waste CO2 emitted from large point sources was directly captured using astaxanthin-hyperproducing microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis. Astaxanthin production was successfully carried out using the hypochlorous acid water-based axenic culture process under highly contamination-prone outdoor conditions. Consequently, after 36 days of autotrophic induction, the productivity of biomass and astaxanthin of H. pluvialis (the mutant) reached 0.127 g L−1 day−1 and 5.47 mg L−1 day−1 under high summer temperatures, respectively, which was 38% and 48% higher than that of wild type cell. After grinding the wet astaxanthin-enriched biomass, the extract was successfully approved by compliance validation testing from Korea Food and Drug Administration. The assorted feed improved an immune system of the poultry without causing any side effects. The flue gas-based bioproducts could certainly be used for health functional food for animals in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1718
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 7


  • Astaxanthin
  • Compliance validation testing
  • HClO-based pure culture process
  • Haematococcus pluvialis
  • LNG-fired waste CO, microalgal CO sequestration
  • Poultry feed test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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