Although biodegradable, transient electronic devices must dissolve or decompose via environmental factors, an effective waterproofing or encapsulation system is essential for reliable, durable operation for a desired period of time. Existing protection approaches use multiple or alternate layers of electrically inactive organic/inorganic elements combined with polymers; however, their high mechanical stiffness is not suitable for soft, time-dynamic biological tissues/skins/organs. Here, we introduce a stretchable, bioresorbable encapsulant using nanoparticle-incorporated elastomeric composites with modifications of surface morphology. Nature-inspired micropatterns reduce the diffusion area for water molecules, and embedded nanoparticles impede water permeation, which synergistically enhances the water-barrier performance. Empirical and theoretical evaluations validate the encapsulation mechanisms under strains. Demonstration of a soft, degradable shield with an optical component under a biological solution highlights the potential applicability of the proposed encapsulation strategy.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society.
- biodegradable elastomer
- biodegradable electronics
- polymer composite
- stretchable encapsulation
- transient electronics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- General Physics and Astronomy