Microstructural evolution during sintering of TiO2/SiO2-doped alumina: Mechanism of anisotropic abnormal grain growth

O. S. Kwon, S. H. Hong, J. H. Lee, U. J. Chung, D. Y. Kim, N. M. Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Microstructural changes that occurred during the sintering of alumina doped with TiO2 and SiO2 have been investigated. The kinetics of normal grain growth at the initial stage is retarded by the dopant segregation at the grain boundaries. However, due to the accumulation of dopants at the grain boundaries during grain growth, its concentration at the boundaries ultimately exceeds the solubility limit and an intergranular liquid film emerges. The appearance of the liquid and the resulting increase in boundary mobility are confirmed to be the main cause of abnormal grain growth. For the abnormal grains, a liquid phase is observed at the basal surface in most cases, while the edges of these grains were partially wetted. Anisotropic or directional growth of the abnormal grains is explained in terms of the enhanced growth kinetics due to the re-entrant edges formed by grain boundaries at the non-basal planes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4865-4872
Number of pages8
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov 14
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Korean Government through the Creative Research Initiatives Program.

Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Alumina
  • Grain boundaries
  • Grain growth
  • Microstructure
  • Sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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