Microstructure analysis and thermal property of copolymers made of glycolide and ε-caprolactone by stannous octoate

Ji Won Pack, Soo Hyun Kim, I. Whan Cho, Soo Young Park, Young Ha Kim

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49 Citations (Scopus)


Glycolide (GL) and ε-caprolactone (CL) were copolymerized in bulk at relatively high temperatures using stannous octoate as a catalyst. To investigate the relationship among microstructure, thermal properties, and crystallinity, three series of copolymers prepared at various reaction temperatures, times, and comonomer feed ratios were prepared and characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, DSC, and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The 600-MHz 1H NMR spectra provided information about not only the copolymer compositions but also about the chain microstructure. The reactivity ratios (rG and rC) were calculated from the monomer sequences and were 6.84 and 0.13, respectively. In terms of overall feed compositions, the sequence lengths of the glycolyl units calculated from the reactivity ratios exceeded those measured from the polymeric products. Mechanistic considerations based on reactivity ratios, monomer consumption data, and average sequence lengths are discussed. The unusual phase diagram of GL/CL copolymers implies that the copolymer melting temperature does not depend on its composition alone but rather on the nature of the sequence distribution. The DSC and WAXD measurements show a close relationship between polymer crystallinity and the nature of the polymer sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-554
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Feb 15


  • Average sequence length
  • Biodegradable
  • Comonomer sequence distribution
  • Copolymerization
  • Glycolide
  • NMR
  • Reactivity ratio
  • ε-caprolactone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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