Microstructure evolution in Zr under equal channel angular pressing

W. S. Choi, H. S. Ryoo, S. K. Hwang, M. H. Kim, S. I. Kwun, S. W. Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Pure polycrystalline Zr was deformed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP), and the microstructural characteristics were analyzed. By repeated alternating ECAP, it was possible to refine the grain size from 200 to 0.2 μm. Subsequent annealing heat treatment at 550 °C resulted in a grain growth of up to 6 μm. Mechanical twinning was an important deformation mechanism, particularly during the early stage of deformation. The most active twinning system was identified as 85.2 deg {101̄2}〈1̄011〉 tensile twinning, followed by 57.1 deg {101̄1}〈1̄012〉 compressive twinning, Crystal texture as well as grain-boundary misorientation distribution of deformed Zr were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD). The ECAP-deformed Zr showed a considerable difference in the crystallographic attributes from those of cold-rolled Zr or Ti, in that texture and boundary misorientation-angle distribution tend toward more even distribution with a slightly preferential distribution of boundaries of a 20 to 30 deg misorientation angle. Furthermore, unlike the case of cold rolling, the crystal texture was not greatly altered by subsequent annealing heat treatment. Overall, the present work suggests ECAP as a viable method to obtain significant grain refining in hexagonal close-packed (hep) metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-980
Number of pages8
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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