This paper studies the optimization of signal processing strategies for downlink and uplink of a cloud radio access network (C-RAN) that serves wireless powered users with non-linear energy harvesting (EH) circuits. On the downlink, a baseband processing unit (BBU) sends radio frequency signals to the users through a set of remote radio heads (RRHs), which is centrally managed by the BBU via finite-fronthaul links. Then, each user splits the received signal for information decoding and EH by utilizing the power splitting circuit. By using the harvested energy, each user communicates with the BBU via the RRHs on the uplink. In this paper, we tackle a problem of maximizing the minimum uplink rate of the users subject to the minimum downlink rate constraint as well as the per-node transmit power and fronthaul capacity constraints. To overcome the non-convexity of the problem, we propose an iterative algorithm based on a successive convex approximation method, which obtains a locally optimal solution. Numerical results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed techniques for C-RAN systems with battery-limited users.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received December 26, 2017; revised May 8, 2018 and October 15, 2018; accepted November 13, 2018. Date of publication November 19, 2018; date of current version January 15, 2019. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) through the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Korean Government, under Grant 2017R1A2B3012316. The review of this paper was coordinated by Dr. H. Zhu. (Corresponding author: Inkyu Lee.) J. Kim and I. Lee are with the School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, South Korea (e-mail:, email@example.com; inkyu@ korea.ac.kr).
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- multiple antenna techniques
- wireless power transfer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics